BHADERWAH - History

History of Bhaderwah... Continues ...

It however remains a theological riddle till date when Vasuki Nag was given the status fo the Kul-Devta in the principality attracting worship from his adherents and queen Bhadra was relegated to a zero position by Vasuki Nag himself. her statues do not find any place in the Vasuki Temples. Instead the statue of Jeemat-Vahan, a life long friend and follower of Vasuki who sacrificed his life to save the Nagas from garud finds place to the right of Vasuki in each temple and worship is offered to him along with Vasuki. The name of Bhadra is kooked down upon with diisfavour till date. The queen who once ruled the principality and who installed Vasuki and his brothers as Rajas of different parts of her territory, who saved vasuki from clutches of Garud, how and why she met the sudden ecliplse from the glory which she enjoyed when Vasuki Puran was written. No concrete reasons can be located in the matter except some heresay tale narrated by some priests of Vasuki Temples that Bhadra had shown some disloyality to Vasuki when Garud was draining the waters of the mountain lake Kailash Kund (Kablas) when Vasuki had hidden himself from Garud. When water of the lake was about to be drained fully thereby exposing Vasuki to Garud for attack, Bhadra dilly dallied to discharge water lake located on the higher elevation of Kailash Mountain to replenish the depleting water in the Kablas Kund to provide cover to vasuki from the possible attach of Garud. On the other hand additional water as released by goddess Saraswati from her lake located on the higher elevation which compelled garud to leave the place for search of Vasuki. This is stated to be the main reason why Bhadra got eclipse from the public eyes and ultimatelywent back to Wadipura in Handwara of Kashmir. However this account finds no corroboration in any other theological source of history of the Bhaderwah principality, not even in the Neelmat Puran as well. The negative relations between Bhadra and Vasuki are not mentioned in the Vasuki Puran or inthe sixth century A.D sanskrit play Nagananda. On the other hand Vasuki Puran offers lavish praise to both Bhadra and Vasuki Nag. In Sloka 280 of Vasuki Puran, Lord Shiva acknowledges deep devotion shown to him by Vasuki Nag. Lord Shiva assures Vasuki that, "whatever Vasuki would chose his abode Lord Shiva would be with him there". In Sloka 943 of the Neelmat Puran (Vol.II) the words, "Great vasuki" have been used to shower high praise and high status tupon Vasuki Nag. Some writers have made a gross mistake in identifying Vasuki with a villianous Naga named Sadan Gul whoused to seduce the ladies of other Nagas of his time and for this he was banished by Naga Chief Neel to Mount Urisaka inthe land of Darva-Bhisara. Darva-Bhisara refers to Poonch-Rajouri sub-region in the ancient historical period. Mount Urisaka is stated to be located somewhere in Darva-Bhisara sub-region of Poonch-Rajouri, while Vasuki Nag chose his abode in Kablas Kund of Bhaderwah. He also became the first Raja of Bhaderwah known as Basak Nag.He is till date worshipped by his adherents.

Epic Period:

After the Naga period, the principality was ruled by different Thakurs and Rana families in different pockets. There was no single central authority or ruler to control the erstwhile Principality. No written or legendary record is available for this period. Vogel and Hutchison who conducted extensive field research iin the Hill states including Bhaderwah came across one Vansavalli (dynastic table) containing names of two Rajas only, namely Jobh Nath and his heir apparent Megh Nath belonging to the Epic period who ruled Bhaderwah. The theological legend says that after the Pandav brothers of Mahabharata era, won the battle, they wanted to celebrate the Ashwa Medha yagya (victory ceremony) which required a conspicuous horse to perform the ceremony. They selected a typical horse to perform the ceremony. They selected a typical horse having beautiful features owned by Jobh Nath for the purpose. The Pandac brothers requested Jobh Nath to provide the said horsefor performing the Yagya. Jobh Nath and his son who loved their horse too much refused to part with the horse. Consequently the Pandavas attacked Jobh nath and his son Megh Nath. Both of them were killed and the horse was taken away for conducting the Ashwa Medha Yagya. In the said geneology table no other Raja or heir apparent has been mentioned. After the abrupt end of their rule, no historical or theological record is forthcoming about the immediate successors of Jobh Nath and Megh nath. It seems the rule of the Principality again reverted to different Ranas and Thankurs in different pockets without any central ruler till the time King Kalsa ruled over Kashmir (1063 to 1089 A.D). The Kings of Kashmir had started the expansionist policy from the 7th century A.D onward over the neighbouring states extending upto far off places in the Indian sub-continent when the King Lalitaditya ruled over Kashmir (695 to 732 A.D). It was in Kalsa's time that Gambhir Sinh (Singh) the Raja of Kanda (which was the capital of lower Bhaderwah Valley State) located at the present day named village Kandote on Bhaderwah-Doda-Kishtwar road, paid a visit to the court of Kalsa at Srinagar, to pay the tribute personally alongwith other seven Rajas of the Hill States. From the rule of King Kalsa upto the rule of King Jai-Simha (1154 A.D), Bhaderwah Principality was a tributary of Kashmir despite the fact it never faced any formal conquest or annexation. Relevant refrences are available in the world renowned book Rajtrangi written by Kalhana (in 1148-49 A.D) regarding the relationship of kashmir (which was no doubt an imperial State in Kalhana's time and before him) with the tiny Hill State Kingdoms including Bhaderwah (called as Bhadravakasa in ancient times). During Kalhana's time Kanda was a small Hill State of Bhadewrwah with its capital at Kanda. It was called as Kanda State representing lower Bhaderwah valley.

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History of Bhaderwah Courtsey : Book by Sh. Swami Raj Sharma M.A. (Gold Medalist), LLB, IAS (Retd.) From Rainda Bhaderwah
"A concise history of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh upto 1947 A.D and Essay on the Philosophy of History". available at - 66-B/D, Gandhi Nagar Jammu and Modern Printing Press Vasuki Vihar Bhaderwah


BHADERWAH... The Tourist's Paradise